Structure & Function of the Heart:
Risk factors for Coronary Artery disease:
Coronary Artery Disease:
Emergency Complications of Heart Attack:
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG):
Rheumatic Fever and Heart Valve Diseases:
Heart Transplantation and Assisted devices
When people think about heart disease, the first symptom that usually comes to mind is chest pain. However, chest pain can be caused by a number of conditions, only some of which are related to the heart. Following are some common causes of chest pain:
Dissecting aortic aneurysm: This is a tear in the main artery from the heart:
Severe chest pain with extreme pain felt across the upper back (not just on one side) that came on within 15 minutes for no apparent reason, such as an injury or back strain. The pain can spread to the abdomen. Dizziness and fainting may be associated.
Blood clot(s) to the lungs (pulmonary embolism):
Collapsed lung: Could result from a recent chest injury or from asthma or chronic bronchitis.
Squeezing, pressure, or pain (often dull) in the chest. The pain may spread to the arm, neck, jaw, or back. Symptoms come on or are made worse by stress or physical activity and ease with rest.
Tuberculosis (TB): This is a chronic lung infection with a certain bacteria.
Chest pain with shortness of breath; chronic fatigue; cough with phlegm or blood; night sweats; appetite and weight loss; and low grade fever.
Heartburn or hiatal hernia: This could also signal a heart attack
Pain felt is a burning feeling in the chest or just above the stomach. The feeling comes and goes before, during, or after eating. It gets worse when you bend over or lie down.
Muscle strain or rib injury:
Chest pain that gets worse when taking deep breaths or when you touch the chest or ribs.
Flu, pneumonia, bronchitis, or other upper respiratory infection:
Chest pain with fever and coughing up green, yellow, or gray mucus
Anxiety: This could also signal a heart attack
Pain or tightening feeling in the chest with rapid pulse and/or breathing; feeling a "lump in the throat"; sweating; numbness or tingling of the hands, feet, or mouth, or it feels like you can’t get enough air
Symptoms and signs of heart disease:
NonInvasive diagnostic tests For heart disease:
Invasive Diagnostic Tests for heart disease:
Cardiac Arrythmias and Pacemakers:
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